What is a Room Heater?
A Room Heater, also commonly known as a Space Heater,is an electrical appliance used for heating a room or an enclosed area.A room heater is used to heat a small space as opposed to large connected areas.
Why should you get a Room Heater?
Electric room heaters are widely used as the most convenient way of heating small-sized rooms.When the winters get chilly and the cold becomes unbearable, room heaterscan be used to bring the room temperature at bearable levels.They can be used to reduce the utility costs that are otherwise incurred by the use of centralized heaters.
What are the different types of Room Heaters?
There are five different types of room heaters.They are as follows:
Baseboard room heaters are a contemporary way of heating the room without occupying any space.They can be placed in any corner of the room.They are basically low profile.Their mode of operation is like an iron radiator.They take in cold air and release warm air.They have a convection heating system.They contain oil or water.
Freestanding portable heaters can be oil-filled radiator heaters or ceramic heaters.These types of room heaters are the most common and most popular portable heaters.They too operate in a convection style.
Ceramic room heaters use a blower fan to disseminate heat.The heater takes is cold air, heats it over ceramic plates, and releases warm air.Ceramic room heaters are high performance devices.
Wall heaters are a good alternative to space-occupying conventional room heaters.These are convection heaters and use very less energy as compared to regular room heaters.
Electric fireplace heater is an aesthetically-appealing alternative to the traditional room heater.It can warm around 400 square feet of room space.It is ideal for your living room, dining room, or bedroom.
In the Indian context, you will get the following types of room heaters in the market.
Carbon fibre room heaters comprise of thin carbon plates and do no use any plastics or glues.
Fan room heaters operate by using a fan for passing air over a heat source. This process heats up the air, enabling the room heater to warm up the surroundings. This is the most popular option in India.
This type of room heater heats a room by burning natural gas.
These room heaters provide instant heat. They use electricity for powering the halogen heating elements inside them. After fan heaters, they are the second most popular choice for room heaters in India.
These room heaters provide radiant heat, just like the warmth from the sun on the face or heat from a coal fire. They are ideal for poorly insulated rooms.
These are radiative heaters that provide a highly efficient performance in the amount and direction of heating.
What should you look for when buying a Room Heater?
The basic criteria that you should consider when shopping for a room heater is that it should heat the room fast, adequately, and evenly.Besides that, there are other factors that you need to look for.They are as follows:
The first and foremost is to figure out which type of heater will be appropriate for your household.Electric heaters can be broadly categorized under two major heating technologies: convective and radiant.
Convection heaters offer even heating in the entire space.Fan heaters and oil heaters are example of convection heaters.
Radiant heaters provide instant, spot heating in smaller rooms. Infrared and Quartz heaters are examples of Radiant heaters.
To ensure maximum performance, select the right kind of heater depending upon your room settings.For hotel rooms and rooms that have limited space, such as bathrooms, you may prefer a wall heater.It can be easily fit on a wall using brackets, thereby not occupying any extra floor space.
When selecting a room heater, consider the area or the space it will be required to heat.Based on that, choose a room heater with appropriate wattage rating.Typically, for each square foot, a room heater requires 10 watts of heating power.Thus, for an average room of 150 square feet, a standard 1,500-watt heater will be sufficient as the main source of heat.However, different models may heat up more or less space based on their heating technology, application, and indoor environment.
There needs to be some control over the heat output of a room heater so that your room temperature is maintained at a desired level.Some heaters provide you with the unique option of setting the heater at a specific temperature, either in degrees or Fahrenheit or relative temperatures such as low, medium, and high.This feature also contributes towards energy conservation.
Another important deciding factor in finalizing a room heater is what would be the operating cost of the heater?It is better to compare the efficiency of different models before choosing the right one for you.If you want to have low heating costs, you can also ask for room heaters offering additionalfeatures such as the energy saving modes, programmable timers, and adjustable thermostats.
Different types of heaters offer different safety measures such as overheat cut-off and tip-over sensors.Other safety measures worth considering are that the heat exhausts do not overheat, the heater assembly remains cool to touch, and the presence of tight grills to prevent children from touching the heated parts.
Portable room heaters tend to make some noise while in operation.Some heaters, however, are noisier than the others.Non-fan-forced room heaters such as an oil-filled radiator or baseboard heater are ideal for noiseless operation in quieter surroundings.
If you are among those who desire consistent heating through the night, an oil-filled radiator heater may be ideal for you.These heaters are slow in warming up, but can retain the heat for a longer period of time, even after they have been switched off.Nonetheless, there are certain room heaters that are equipped with timers that can turn the heater on and off at fixed intervals.
For ease of operation of a room heater, some manufactures offer added features such as digital controls and automatic oscillation.
What brands offer room heaters in India?
Following are some popular brands of room heaters available in India that are worth considering.
The top five most popular brands are:
They offer products priced as low as Rs. 500 to as high as Rs. 15,000 plus.
Glossary of Terms:
A convection heater is the one that uses air convection currents circulating through the body of the heater all the way through its heating element.
Oil-filled radiator, also known as oil-filled heater, is a form of convection heater.As the name suggests, it is filled with oil, but yet it is electrically heated.In this case, there is no burning of oil; oil acts as a heat reservoir.
In a ceramic heater,the heating element is made up of Positive Temperature Coefficient ceramic.
Fan-forced heaters come with a fan that helps in disseminating heat quickly and more evenly.
Thermostat is a part of the appliance that senses the temperature of a system and switches On and Off the appliance in order to maintain the desired temperature.
An air distribution outlet that directs air flow in a desired pattern.
Air handler is a component of heat pump system that circulates hot air through a house’s ductwork.
British Thermal Unit.
Heat exchanger is a component that transfers heat energy from the heat source to the conveying medium.
Units that indicate temperature scale.