What are the different type of Mosquito Repellent?
Description : Diethyl-meta-toluamide or DEET is one of the most common and effective ingredients in insect repellent. It is in use from 1957.
Benefits : Around 4 hours of protection from mosquitoes is provided by DEET. Increasing the concentration also do not provide much additional protection. 100% concentration covers 1 additional hour.
Description : This synthetic compound first made in 1980s is used as insect repellent. It is an effective replacement of DEET products and provides protection from mosquito bites. It is also known as KBR 3023 and are largely used from 1998.
Benefits : * It is almost odourless
* No skin irritation is caused by it
* Does not react with Plastic
Description : Permethrin is used both as repellent as well as a pesticide. It is used on the clothing and not on the skin.
Benefits : The potency of Permethrin is retained for 2 weeks (or more at times). Even after laundering for several times.
Description : This ingredient for mosquito repellent is a natural ingredient and found in Eucalyptus leaves and twigs.
Benefits : Lemon eucalyptus oil has been tested as mosquito repellent in US and found to be effective. It provides similar protection as repellent with low concentration DEET. Lemon Eucalyptus products should not be used on children below 3 years.
Description : IR 3535 is an effective ingredient used in mosquito repellent. It is also effective against other insects like deer ticks and biting flies.
Benefits : It provides quite long lasting protection against mosquitoes. It is useful for those who are looking for non-DEET based products.
Description : Many repellents derived from plants like geranium, basil, garlic, citronella does provide some protection against mosquitoes.
Benefits : A mix of these plant based oils provides limited protection against mosquitoes for about couple of hours as per some studies.
Use case of Mosquito Repellent
What you should look for : You should choose a product depending upon your time spent outdoors and the insects about which you should be careful of.
Recommendations : Travellers are advised to wear clothes that keep the body covered completely. Full sleeved shirts tucked in, trousers tucked in socks, and boots covering the entire foot are recommended. Footwear like sandals and slippers are never desirable as they increase the risk of insect-borne diseases. Application of insecticides or repellents like ‘permethrin’ over your dress and travel gear works as an additional protector.
What you should look for : The choice of a repellent depends on your work, physical activity and degree of perspiration. Environment features like temperature, humidity, and attraction for insects. It might be noted that the effectiveness of an insect repellent does not depend on its life.
Recommendations : It is always necessary to use a mosquito net to protect against biting insects, especially when the accommodations are not air conditioned or properly screened.
What you should look for : Every product is sold with instructions for its use. These instructions should be followed.
Recommendations : A time to time check up of clothes during outdoor work, and at the end of the day after work is a fine way to protect from ticks. A shower within 2 hours of returning from a tick -infested territory, and removal of ticks immediately from clothes or other body parts.
What you should look for : For a repellent that could be used regularly.
Recommendations : Anyone who is above 2 years age could opt for repellent cream. Infants below 2 years of age should be kept inside mosquito nets In case an infant is rested inside an infant carrier, a mosquito net could still be used. For such beds, an elastic fitted net is advisable as that is the most convenient way to prevent any mosquito entering. Any repellent containing OLE must never be used for children within 3 years of age. EPA does not recommend any more precautions even for pregnant women, breastfeeding mothers or their children.
What is the meaning of?
Meaning : Related to repellents; non-biotic variables that could trigger repelling.
Example : air quality,humidity,light,temperature,wind
Meaning : The method by which a repellent passes into a substrate
Meaning : Any substance that increases the activity of a repellent after being added to it
Meaning : Standard laboratory procedures carried out for comparative testing of impacts on different biological substances.
Meaning : Inert substances used for making repellents
Meaning : Constituents that retain their individual properties even after mixing.
Meaning : Consumer Speciality Products Association; protects the interest on consumer goods in the United States.
Meaning : Methyl phthalate; used as plasticizer and as solid rocket propellants
Meaning : A substance used in reducing attraction between two particles
Meaning : European Chemicals Bureau; works for biocidal products and their directives
Meaning : A substance that assists in the preparation of suspensions from two or more liquids
Meaning : Food and Drug Administration; this body is responsible for regulatory activities on medicines and cosmetics
Meaning : Insects that feed on blood like mosquitoes, mites, and ticks
Meaning : Substance produced by a member of one species for benefitting members of other species
Meaning : A chemical that increases the kinetic energy of an insect to disperse over greater lengths; the speed of locomotion increases under impact of this stimulant
Meaning : Chemical substances that impact food habits